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Fourth Industrial Revolution
By Jeong Hyo-bin Reporter, Junior of Chemical and Biological Engineering
The Fourth Industrial Revolution fuses Information and Communication Technologies. Maybe, you feel far from the fusion of information and communication technologies, but we are already living in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. We are living in a world where an artificial intelligence assistant in a smartphone can set an alarm and tell you your schedule for the day. We can control the lights, gas, boilers, etc. from outside the house and buy things with a gift card based on the block chain. As such, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is not in the distant future, it is in the present and near future. These are the technologies that are leading the Fourth Industrial Revolution:
- Big Data Statistical Analysis
Big data statistical analysis is technology that extracts value from large amounts of data beyond the capabilities of existing database management tools and analyzes results. The features of this technology are creation, collection, analysis, and expression of various kinds of large data. Big data statistical analysis allows us to understand a diversified society more accurately and works efficiently to provide customized information for each individualized modern society member.
Advertisements that appear in Instagram and Internet news are based on pages that users have visited. Many credit card companies are using big data of consumers’ behavioral patterns for marketing. A credit card company developed a “benefit merchant” application based on the big data behavior patterns of card users. The application finds patterns among similar consumers and provides customers with recommendations for restaurants and stores.
- Artificial Intelligence, AI
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a technology that realizes human learning ability, reasoning ability, and perception ability through computer programs. Artificial intelligence does not exist in itself, but directly or indirectly related to other areas of computer science.
AlphaGo is a typical example of AI. It is an artificial intelligence baduk (Go) program. AlphaGo was designed to make the most favorable choice among options through algorithms, and in 2016, it won against professional baduk (Go) player Sedol Lee. Besides AlphaGo, many programs use artificial intelligence in real life, such as weather marketing programs that analyze sales volume by weather, senior care service, and programs that automatically calculate car repair costs.
- 3D Printing
3D printing is a manufacturing technology that produces three-dimensional objects by spraying continuous layers of material, it is also called additive manufacturing. Because 3D printers are controlled by computers, they are capable of delicate work and items can be created using a variety of materials.
NASA is making full use of this technology, and in the event of a problem with the space station, parts or repair tools must be supplied quickly. At this time, parts and tools are made and used using 3D printing. In the field of culture, animations are produced and clothes that are shown at fashion shows are made on 3D printers.
- Blockchain Security Technology
Blockchain security technology is a distributed data storage technology that records transactions in accounts that anyone can access and copies and stores them on multiple computers. Since the transaction details are sent to all users participating in the transaction, and all participants in each transaction share information, data cannot be forged.
Bitcoin is the representative example of a blockchain. Bitcoin is electronic money using a peer-to-peer network. This is a system that works like an organized group by allowing individuals to interact with different people. It is a revolutionary technology because it uses a blockchain so that data cannot be easily corrupted. In addition, local gift certificates based on blockchain are actually being made and used in Korea. A company on Jeju Island applies blockchain technology in a different way. It is tracking down all of the batteries they have made in their history. This will allow them to track the product process from inspecting waste batteries to classification and release.
A drone is an unmanned aircraft that can be controlled by radio waves. It is equipped with cameras, sensors, and communication systems, and has a variety of weights and sizes ranging from 25 grams to 1,200 kilograms. Drones were first created for military purposes, but have recently expanded into commercial and personal use.
They have been reborn as a low-cost hobby product, allowing individuals to purchase drones without any strain. Drones are used in various ways. Some use drones to spray agricultural chemicals or to replace rural labor. They can also be used to measure air quality by having sensors installed. At the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics, there were drone light performances, and Amazon provides a delivery service called “Prime Air” using drones.
As such, various technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution can be seen in daily life. These technologies continue to develop, and the market is constantly changing. Under these circumstances, HBNU provides opportunities for students and local youths to learn about related technologies and prepare for the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
- Public Big Data Analysis & Education Center
The HBNU LINC+ business group provides various training programs, among them, big data and artificial intelligence are operating separate centers. Through this, the goal is to meet the educational needs of students and to provide more opportunities for employment and start-ups. Courses can be taken on theoretical and practical education in big data and artificial intelligence-related technologies and education on current technology trends and utilization technologies. Courses are divided into basic and practical subjects and students can take the courses they want. The program invites expert researchers and the directors of academic programs in the relevant field to the center to give lectures. For more information on related programs, contact the S5-503 LINC+ business group.
- INDUSTRY 4.0 EDU
As part of the national university development project, HBNU and the Korea National University of Transportation will hold an extra activity program together to prepare Industry 4.0. Training on drones, smart factories, self-driving technologies, and 3D printing will be conducted. For more information on related programs, check the notice on the homepage or contact 042-828-8718.
- Student Research Group “Ha-Rang”
HBNU operates Harang which conducts team activities with students to solve engineering problems creatively through the convergence of various majors. Harang is made up of undergraduate and postgraduate students in engineering fields and supports up to 500,000 won material costs for experiments and practical training. There is also an opportunity to take education related to the Internet of Things (IoT), the Fourth Industrial Revolution technology, and 3D printing. Students can choose from topics such as IoT, AI, AR, VR, big data, 3D printing, and drones to develop programs or research. However, the result should have patent-application or start-up potential.
- Hanbat Drone Convergence Technology Center and Hanbat Eagles
LINC+ business group is operating a drone fusion technology center. They have obtained approval from a specialized educational institution designated by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport and operate a curriculum for national qualification testing for unmanned aerial vehicles. In addition, the curriculum has specialized education in theory and practice. It also promotes drone safety education through drone hobby activities and agreements with NGO organizations.
Hanbat Eagles is a drone, self-driving car, and VR club that offers experiences and career exploration events for elementary, middle, and high school students. They are also preparing a lot for the Hanbat IT fusion RC Festival.
As such, HBNU is providing a foothold for students and local youths to work and start their own businesses by fully exercising their abilities in the wake of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. If you take interest in the technology of the Fourth Industrial Revolution you should participate in the aforementioned programs. You can be a leader of the Fourth Industrial Revolution!